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    ZHANG Jingjing Professor
    School of Educational Technology


    Research Centre of Distance Education, School of Educational Technology, Faculty of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.


    BSc (BNU/Gakugei); MRes (UCL), MSc (Oxford), DPhil (Oxford)

    ZHANG Jingjing received her BSc in Computer Science from BNU, an MRes from University College London (UCL), an MSc and a DPhil from the University of Oxford. As an undergraduate, she was awarded 2003 AIEJ Scholarship for a one-year exchange study at Tokyo Gakugei University. At Oxford (MSc, DPhil), she was a Clarendon scholar and a member of Brasenose College (funded by ORS scholarship).




    1. Introduction to Educational Research Methods, International MA in Comparative Education (Education Management and Leadership)

    2. Introduction of the Learning Sciences, BA in Educational Technology

    3. Specialized English, MEng in Internet Plus Education


    Research Experience

    Her early research in machine learning and information visualisation has led to an educational product to analyse university curriculum structure. In the past few years, her research has been involved in work with educationists, sociologists and anthropologists. This has led a change of her research interests initially in machine learning in laboratory settings to social constructivism of learning in real-world settings.
    She is now particularly interested in how learning occurs between people engaging in communication that is situated in daily work environments online and offline. As well as to her recent research on the social sciences of learning and technology, she is also interested in the change to varies forms of human relationships in the networked society, such as leadership and trust; the development of open educational resources; the emergence of MOOCs, and the design of knowledge visualization.



    Books and Translated Works

    1. Zhang, J., Technology, Research and Professional Learning, Springer, 2018


    Journal Articles

    1. Zhang, J., Gao, M., Zhang, J.(2021). The learning behaviours of dropouts in MOOCs: A collective attention network perspective, 1-15.

    2. Tlili, A., Ofosu, S., & Zhang, J. (2021). Pedagogical beliefs, teaching practices and use of open educational resources in the Republic of Ghana. Interactive Learning Environments, 1-13.

    3. Zeng, S., Zhang, J., Gao, M., Xu, K., M., Zhang, J.(2020). Using learning analytics to understand collective attention in language MOOCs. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 1-26.

    4. Shao, Y., Zhang, J., Costello, E., Brown, M. (2020). Public perceptions towards MOOCs on social media: an alternative perspective to understand personal learning experiences of MOOCs. Interactive Learning Environments, 1-13.

    5. Zeng, S. & Zhang, J. (2020). Digital Curation of Online Resources among English Learners at Chinese Universities. Beijing International Review of Education, 2(3), 403-419.

    6. Zhang, J., Gao, M., Holmes, W., Mavrikis, M., & Ma, N. (2019). Interaction patterns in exploratory learning environments for mathematics: a sequential analysis of feedback and external representations in Chinese schools. Interactive Learning Environments, 1-18.

    7. Jiang, F., Wang, L., Zhang, J., Yan, X., Yang, Y., Chen, L. (2019). Mapping STEM Education from 25 years of NSF-funded projects, International Journal of Engineering Education. 1-12

    8. Holmes, W., Nguyena, Q., Zhang, J., Mavrikisd, M., Rienties, B. (2019). Learning analytics for learning design in online distance learning, Distance Education (3), 1-17

    9. Zhang, J., Sziegat, H., Perris, K., & Zhou, C. (2019). More than access: MOOCs and changes in Chinese higher education. Learning, Media and Technology, 44(2), 108-123.

    10. Zhang, J., Lou, X., Zhang, H., & Zhang, J. (2019). Modeling collective attention in online and flexible learning environments. Distance Education, 40(2), 278-301.

    11. Lu, Y., Zhang, J., Li, B., Chen, P., & Zhuang, Z. (2019). Harnessing commodity wearable devices to capture learner engagement. IEEE Access, 7, 15749-15757.

    12. Costello, E., Brown, M., Mhichíl, M. N. G., & Zhang, J. (2018). Big course small talk: twitter and MOOCs—a systematic review of research designs 2011–2017. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 15(1), 44.

    13. Lu, Y., Zeng, Z., Wu, H., Chua, G. G., & Zhang, J. (2018). An intelligent system for taxi service: Analysis, prediction and visualization. AI Communications, (Preprint), 1-14.

    14. Gregori, E. B., Zhang, J., Galván-Fernández, C., & de Asís Fernández-Navarro, F. (2018). Learner support in MOOCs: Identifying variables linked to completion. Computers & Education, 122, 153-168.

    15. Li, S, Zhang, J., Yu, C., Chen, L. (2017). Rethinking Distance Tutoring in e-Learning Environments: A study of the priority of roles and competencies of open university tutors in China, International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning. 18(2). Pp. 189- 212

    16. Zhang, J., Skryabin, M., & Song, X. (2016). Understanding the dynamics of MOOC discussion forums with simulation investigation for empirical network analysis (SIENA), Distance Education, 37, pp. 270-286

    17. Zhang, J., Perris, K., Zheng, Q., Chen, L. (2015), Public response to “the MOOC Movement” in China: Examining the time series of microblogging, International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 16(5), pp. 144 – 160

    18. Skryabin, M., Zhang, J., Liu, L., Zhang, D. (2015). How the ICT development level and usage influence student achievement in reading, mathematics, and science, Computers & Education, 85, pp. 49-58

    19. Xu L., Zhang, J., Zheng, Q. (2014). The landscape of Chinese Open Educational Resources research, Campus-Wide Information Systems, 31(4), pp. 230-241

    20. Zhang, J. (2014). Scholarship before technology: Re-thinking the relationship between technology and scholars, Communication and Education, 1(1), pp. 3-15

    21. Macfarlane, B., Zhang, J., Pun, A. (2014). Academic integrity: A review of the literature, Studies in Higher Education, 39(2), pp. 339-358

    22. Zhang, J., Song, X. (2014). Academic dialogue: Towards the understanding of professional learning in academia, Adult, Community and Professional Learning, 20

    23. Song, X., Zhang, J., Wang H. (2014). How the Sure Start policy is implemented under the Labour government in the UK: A perspective of implementation network, Public Administration Research, 3(1), pp. 33-51

    24. Zhang, J. (2013). The nature of distributed research: Narratives of shifting experience, Educational Technology Development and Exchange, 6(1) pp. 47-58

    25. Zhang, J. (2013). The ‘actual’ online presence of ‘good’ research: Reporting the case selection process, Technology, Knowledge and Society 9(1) pp. 1-9

    26. Zhang, J. (2012).e-Leadership in academia: A new form of leadership emerging from networks of interdisciplinary research, Cambridge Studies, 7(4) pp. 116-125

    27. Zhang, J., Davies, C., Yokoyama, S., Miyadera, Y. (2008).A hybrid online research instrument beyond the traditional web survey and its application, Technology, Knowledge & Society, 4(1) pp. 151-158


    Book Chapters

    1. Zhang, J., China Commentary, in Open and Distance Education in Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Springer, 2019

    2. Zhang, J., The Restriction of Degree: Reform of Public School Management Models, in New Media, Knowledge Practices and Multiliteracies (pp. 103-114). Springer, Singapore. 2015

    3. Zhang, J., Electronic Research Collaboration via Access Grid, in Cultural, Behavioral, and Social Considerations in Electronic Collaboration, Business Science Reference, 2016


    1. PI, Collective Attention in Online Education, funded by the Chinese National Natural Science Foundation, 2019-2022

    2. PI, Proximity Effect in Online Education: Modeling the Course Space and the Complexity Ranking of MOOC Offerings, funded by the Beijing Municipal Education Science Foundation for 12th Five-Year Plan, 2019-2022

    3. PICentre for Learning Analytics in Online Learning2018- 2021

    4. PI, Big Data Centre for Technology-mediated Education, funded by the Beijing Normal University, 2015-2018

    5. PI, An Experimental Study on Contextual Learning: Reconstructing the Forms of Hypertexts of OER, funded by the National Education Science Foundation, 2013-2016

    6. PI, Open Educational Resources: Understanding Open Standards & Licenses, funded by the Beijing Municipal Education Science Foundation for 12th Five-Year Plan, 2012-2015

    7. PI, Sharing Mechanism of Open Education Resources: Innovation for Open Standards & Licenses, funded by the Beijing Normal University Science Foundation, 2012-2013



    1. Zhang, J., Gao, M. (2020). Tree Structure of Collective Attention Network: Revisiting the Problem of Dropout. Companion Proceedings 10th International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge (LAK20)

    2. Kahn, K., Lu, Y., Zhang, J., Winters, N. and Gao, M. (2020). Deep Learning Programming by All. Constructionism 2020

    3. Zhang, J., Shan, L., Mavrikis, M., Holmes, W., Ma, N., & Gao, M. (2019, March). Use of Feedback According to Students’ Affective State during Problem Solving. Companion Proceedings 9th International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge (LAK19)
    Sun, D., Xu, P., Du, J., Zheng, Q., Zhang, J.(2019) Log-based Learning Analytics in Vector Space. Companion Proceedings 9th International Conference on Learning Analytics & Knowledge (LAK19)

    4. Mavrikis, M., Holmes, W., Zhang, J., & Ma, N. (2018, June). Fractions Lab Goes East: Learning and Interaction with an Exploratory Learning Environment in China. In International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education (pp. 209-214). Springer, Cham.

    5. Costello, E., Brown, M., Nair, B., Mhichíl, M. N. G., Zhang, J., & Lynn, T. (2017, May). # MOOC Friends and Followers: An Analysis of Twitter Hashtag Networks. In European Conference on Massive Open Online Courses (pp. 170-175). Springer, Cham.

    6. Zhang, J., Zhang, H., Zheng, Q. (2017). An Explorative Study of the Curriculum Network of MOOCs. Open and Distance Learning Association of Australia (ODLAA) Annual Conference, 5-7 February, Melbourne, Australia

    7. Bowe, M., Chen, W., Griffiths, D., Hoel, T., Lee, J., Ogata, H., ... & Zhang, J. (2017). Learning analytics and policy (LAP): international aspirations, achievements and constraints. In Proceedings of the Seventh International Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference (pp. 516-517). ACM.

    8. Barberà, E., Galván, C., Zhang, J., Fernández-Navarro, F. (2017), Factors Affecting MOOC Completion: The Perspective of Learning Support. In Proceedings of 11th annual International Technology, Education and Development Conference (INTED2017) (pp. 2612- 2620) ISBN: 978-84-617-8491-2

    9. Zhang, J., Perris, K., Zhou, C. (2016). Does the proximity-based network of MOOCs condition changes in universities? An agnostic approach to visualize the process of nominating and designing MOOCs. the 24th International Conference on Computers in Education (ICCE), 28 Nov – 2 Dec 2016, Mumbai, India

    10. Shum, S., Mayles, K., Macfadyen, L., Smith, P., Wuetherick, B. Dawson, S., Zhang, J. (2016). Institutional Learning Analytics Centres: Contexts, Strategies and Insights, the Seventh International Learning Analytics & Knowledge Conference, April 25-29, 2016, Edinburgh, United Kingdom ACM 978-1-4503-4190-5/16/04.

    11. Brown, M., Costello, E., Donlon, E., Nair, B., Michil, M., Lynn, T., Zhang, J., Perries, K. (2016). Towards a Research Agenda of MOOCs in Twitter through Analysis of a Large Dataset, Association for Learning Technology (ALT2016) Annual Conference, Warwick, UK

    12. Costello E., Nair, B., Brown, M., Zhang, J., Mhichíl, M., Donlon, E., Lynn, T. (2016). Social Media #MOOC Mentions: Lessons for MOOC Research from Analysis of Twitter Data, 33rd International Conference on Innovation, Practice and Research in the Use of Educational Technologies in Tertiary Education (ASCILITE2016), Adelaide, Australia

    13. Zhang, J., Skryabin, M. (2015). Exploring Forum Dynamics in a Chinese MOOC: A Longitudinal Probabilistic Social Network Analysis, the 23rdInternational Conference on Computers in Education, Hangzhou, China

    14. Zhang, J. (2015). The Challenge of Engaging in MOOCs: Chinese Student Perceptions of Participating in a First Chinese MOOC, 29th Annual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    15. Zhang, J. (2015). Understanding Social Learning in MOOC Forums, BeSeTo Symposium, Trination Conference, Soul, South Korea

    16. Zhang, J., Perris, K., Zheng, Q., Chen, L. (2015). Mining Microblogging Data to Assess Public Response to MOOCs in China. 26th ICDE Conference, Sun City, South Africa

    17. Perris, K., Zhang, J. (2015). MOOCs for Skill Development: A Policy Framework for Design and Implementation. 26th ICDE Conference, Sun City, South Africa

    18. Tang, Q., Zhang, J. (2013). The Value of Face-to-Face Tutorials in Open and Distance Education: Meeting Tutors in Classroom,25thICDE World Conference, Tianjin, China

    19. Xu, L., Zhang, J., Zhang, Q. (2013). An Empirical Study of Knowledge Sharing Behavior and its Predictors: A Case Study of a Chinese Open Educational Resource, 25thICDE World Conference, Tianjin, China

    20. Xu, L., Zhang, J., Zheng, Q. (2013). The Development of Chinese Open Educational Resources Research: A Social Network Analysis Perspective, International Conference on Information Communication Technologies in Education, Crete, Greece

    21. Zhang, J. (2011).Trust at a Distance: The Key to Distributed Research, 24thICDE Conference, Bali, Indonesia

    22. Zhang, J., McAlpine, L., Mills, D., Cox, M., Hopwood N. (2010). The Next Generation of Social Scientists: Experiences of Early Career Academics from Sub-Saharan Africa, SRHE Annual Research Conference, Newport, Wales, UK

    23. Zhang, J., Lotto, B., Bergstom, I., Andreou, L., Miyadera, Y., Yokoyama, S. (2009). Development of a Visualised Sound Simulation Environment: An e-Approach to a Constructivist Way of Learning, 13th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24

    24. Zhang, J. (2008).International research collaboration between different universities at a distance: Analysing e-Research networks, UNESCO Global Research Seminar: Sharing Research Agendas on Knowledge Systems, Paris (as an invited speaker with allowance)

    25. Zhang, J. (2008).Unseen Professional Learning Mediated by Networked Technology in an Academic Context, eResearch Conference, Oxford

    26. Davies, C., Zhang, J. (2006).Proposal for Digital Partners Project, Learning by Effective Utilisation of Technologies: Facilitating Intercultural Understanding, R. Mizoguchi et al. (Eds.) IOS Press

    27. Zhang, J., Morita, T., Konya, H., Sasaki, H., Yokoyama, S., Miyadera, Y. (2004). A Seamless Course Selection System Based on Visualisations of Course Relationships, ICCE2004 – International Conference on Computers in Education, Melbourne Exhibition Centre, Melbourne, Australia

    28. Zhang, J., Morita, T., Inoue, T., Yokoyama, S., Miyadera, Y. (2004).A Visualisation System of Relationships among Courses, Technical Report of IEICE ET 2003- 129 (2004-3), Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers, Japan



    1. Guest Editor, Special Issue, Journal of Distance Education (SSCI)

    2. International Advisory Board, Research Institute for Innovation & Technology in Education, International University of Rioja

    3. Academic Members, Center for Open Education Research, University of Oldenburg

    4. Editorial Board Members, Journal of Communication and Education (JCE)

    5. Editorial Board Members / Reviewers, International Programme Committee, Hong Kong Association for Educational Communications and Technology International Conference, 2014

    6. Editorial Board Members / Reviewers, Programme Committee, 11th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2012)

    7. Country Champion, Oxford Education Society, 2011-2015

    8. Observer, Global Policy Forum on Learning, University of Hong Kong, 2011 Conference Coordinator, 10th World Conference on Mobile and Contextual Learning (mLearn 2011)



    1. Chung-ying young scholars