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Personal Best (PB) and 'Classic' Achievement Goals in the Chinese Context: Their Role in Predicting Academic Motivation, Engagement and Buoyancy Published:2015-11-09 16:50:56  Views:10

Authors: Kai Yu & A.J. Martin

Name of Journal: EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

Vol. 34, No. 5, 635-658, Published on AUG 2014

 

Abstract:

Prior research has shown personal best (PB) goals to be significantly related to students' motivation, engagement and achievement. However, research thus far has investigated PB goals only among Western samples and it is unclear to what extent PB goals hold academic merit in the Asian context. It is also unclear whether PB goals explain variance in motivation and engagement beyond that explained by classic' performance, mastery and avoidance goals. With a sample of 3753 middle school students in China, the present study showed that mastery and PB goals explained the bulk of variance in motivation, engagement and academic buoyancy outcomes. It therefore appears that the effects of PB and classic' goals derived in Western contexts generalise to the Chinese context. Further, although correlated, mastery and PB goals explain unique variance in distinct academic outcomes such that mastery goals appear more salient in mapping onto motivation factors while PB goals appear more salient in mapping onto engagement and buoyancy factors.

Key Words:
goal setting; motivation; engagement
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